Taipei is situated in the northern part of Taiwan, with about 272 km2 in area, and is situated in a basin. Taipei is centrally located and only a short flight away to most major cities in the Asian-Pacific region. Being rich in leisure and recreation, Taipei is noted for its cultural arts, heritage sites, and other attractions.
The coordinates of Taipei are 25°N and 121°E. The city has a subtropical island climate, flavored by its basin location. Taipei is hot and humid during summer yet cool and mild during winter. The mean monthly temperatures are from 14 °C to 18 °C during the wintertime, making it extremely suitable for traveling.
The region known as the Taipei basin was home to Ketagalan tribes before the 18th century. The recorded history of Taipei began with the Han Chinese settling of the basin in 1709, leading up to the formation of the capital and high-tech industry hub in the present days. A few notable dates include the 1895 annexation of Taiwan by Japan and the 1950 relocation of the Republic of China government. Currently, Taipei has a population of 2.7 million, with a multi-lingual environment. It is one of the most religiously plural and tolerant societies in the world.
Taipei has a comprehensive transportation network. The convenient Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system serves as the backbones with 117 MRT stations and further connected by over 300 bus routes. The Taiwan High Speed Rail and the Taiwan Railway networks provide easy access island-wide in a timely fashion. The TPE airport has international flight connections. The Songshan Airport, located in the city’s heart, provides both domestic and international route services. It gives visitors from the world quick access to the core of the city.
Electricity in Taiwan is 110 V, alternating in 60 Hz. The mobile penetration rate is ~98%.